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State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal
Pradesh, Junga – 173216
Annual Administrative Report 2006-07
Website:- http//www.himachal.nic.in/home
Email:- [email protected]
FOREWORD
In a society that believes in the Rule of Law, it is a cardinal principle that no man is presumed guilty till
proved otherwise, and also that no one can be forced to incriminate himself. Investigation and detection of crime in such
circumstances is necessarily a complex task. The Investigating Officer has to collect sufficient proof capable of withstanding
scrutiny in a Court of Law. Not only that, he has to do so in a manner that is acceptable to the Courts and to Society. Today,
when human rights are being more and more elaborately defined, the Investigation Officer’s task is no easy one. Little wonder
that traditional investigating techniques are resulting in progressively higher acquittal rates.
In this context, the introduction of scientific methods of investigation assumes crucial importance as the only
practical solution in the prevailing circumstances. The evidence collected, analyzed and interpreted using Forensic techniques
has the advantage of being more acceptable to Courts, being in the nature of independent expert testimony. Forensic evidence
has the unparalleled advantage that it can be presented even in case no eyewitness is available or where the witness is liable to
be influenced or is otherwise unreliable. Forensic techniques are generally also acceptable from the human rights perspective,
being relatively non-invasive in comparison with earlier methods. Of course, it is essential that forensic methods and expert
resources have the requisite credibility, and this is possible only by the recruitment of properly qualified personnel and access to
modern laboratory equipment and chemicals. In the long run however, there is no doubt that the detection and conviction rates
go up substantially through the systematic use of forensics, and to that extent a comparatively small investment in forensic
facilities is clearly highly cost-effective to get better value from the huge investment in crime detection machinery, not to
mention the investment in the system of administration of justice itself.
In this light that the State Government has taken steps to activate and energize the State Forensic setup. The
Annual Report gives an overview of the activities during 2006-07. It is expected that there will be a substantial step up during
the coming years as a result of the creation of the State Forensic Science Board which will oversee the planning and
implementation of a timebound programme for induction of forensics into investigation of crime in the State.
During the financial year 2006-07 the State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh has set-up an
NDPS division, which is functional since November 2006 and is catering to the needs of the state. The laboratory is also in the
process of setting-up of DNA facilities, which are likely to be completed in the next financial year 2007-08. The laboratory has
extensively undertaken training programmes for the police, prosecution and judiciary in forensic science, which has improved
the process of criminal justice delivery system in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
(Prabodh Saxena)
Secretary (Home) & Director Vigilance,
to the Govt. of Himachal Pradesh,
May 5, 2007 H.P. Secretariat, Shimla – 171002
PREFACE
Science has provided tools of committing crime by scientific and complex methods to the potential criminals on one hand in the world, on
the other hand, it has provided the forensic scientist the methodology and technology to combat the menace of crime. A Forensic Scientist
in this race has to be ahead of the criminals in scientific knowledge and technology to deal with the crimes committed by scientific
methods by the contemporary criminals.
Since, the establishment of State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh in 1988 we have been constantly introducing modern
scientific technology in the State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh. The year 2006-07 has not been any exception. We
have undertaken teaching and training programmes for the police and public to provide forensic knowledge for the scientific investigation
of crime to the police and for protecting the scenes of crime by the public. For the better presentation and evaluation of Forensic
Evidence, we have imparted forensic trainings to the prosecutors and judges. For better investigations police officers have also been
trained for the purpose.
Inspite of constraints of manpower, efforts have been made to send the reports from the State Forensic Science Laboratory at the earliest
possible opportunity. We are committed to get provided undelayed justice to the common man in the State through the aids of science.
We are also committed for introducing latest scientific techniques in the investigation of crime and for the administration of justice in the
State of Himachal Pradesh by modernizing our State Forensic Science Laboratory in respect of human resources development and latest
scientific technology. We aspire for help and co-operation from all concerned in our future endeavours.
Dr. J.R. Gaur
Director,
May 05, 2007 State Forensic Science Laboratory,
Himachal Pradesh, Junga – 173216
CONTENTS
Item No. ITEM Page No.
(i) The particulars of the State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh, Junga – 173216, 1
functions and duties.
(ii) The powers and duties of its officers and employees. 09
(iii) The procedures followed in the decision making process, including channels of supervision 11
and accountability.
(iv) The norms set by it for the discharge of its functions. 12
(v) The rules, regulations, instructions, manuals and records, held by it or under its control or used 13
by its employees for discharging its functions.
(vi) A statement of the categories of documents that are held by it or under its control. 16
(vii) The particulars of any arrangement that exists for consultation with, or representation by, the 17
members of the public in relation to the formubtion of its policy or implementation thereof.
(viii) A statement of the boards, councils, committees and other bodies consisting of two or more 17
persons constituted as its part or for the purpose of its advice, and as to whether meetings of
those boards, councils, committees and other bodies are open to the public, or the minutes of
such meetings are accessible for public.
(ix) A directory of its officers and employees. 22
(x) The monthly remuneration received by each of its officers and employees, including the 25
system of compensation as provided in its regulations.
(xi) The budget allocated to each of its agency, indicating the particulars of all plans, proposed 27
expenditures and reports on disbursements made.
(xii) The manner of execution of subsidy programmes, including the amounts allocated and the 28
details of beneficiaries of such programmes.
(xiii) Particulars of recipients of concessions, permits or authorizations granted by it. 28
(xiv) Details in respect of the information, available to or held by it, reduced in an electronic form. 28
(xv) The particulars of facilities available to citizens for obtaining information, including the 28
working hours of a library or reading room, if maintained for public use
(xvi) The names, designations and other particulars of the Public Information Officers. 29
(xvii) Such other information as may be prescribed, and thereafter update these publications every 29
year.
I. The particulars of the State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh, Junga – 173216, functions and duties:
INTRODUCTION
Himachal Pradesh got full statehood on 25th January 1971 and since then the State has progressed by leaps and bounds. Efforts were on to
have its own State Forensic Science Laboratory which came to fruition in 1988 so as to become self reliant in the application of science in the
investigation of crime and the administration of justice besides keeping pace with the modernized criminals and to meet their challenges in
the times ahead. Thus, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh was established in 1988 at Shimla with basic infrastructure of
Biology, Serology, Chemistry and Toxicology Divisions. With the increasing requirement of investigation agencies, two more Divisions
comprising four specialties viz. Documents, Photography, Physics and Ballistics were added by the State Govt. in 1997, which became
functional in the subsequent years. The State FSL was shifted in December 2004 and at present functioning from Junga. In 2006, the HP govt
created two more specialties in the State FSL viz. DNA Profiling Division and NDPS Division.
LOCATION
Junga is situated at a distance of 26 KM from Shimla, 22 KM from Kandaghat and 18 KM from Chail. It is a hilly place having a forest cover
of Kail, Deodar, Cheel, Oak and other trees. Temperature ranges between 40 C in winter to 350 C in summer months at Junga.
INFRASTRUCTURE
The buildings of State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh, and Junga have covered area of about 28000 square feet. The work is
in progress for planned expansion of additional divisions /specialities in the State FSL.
There are six scientific Divisions:
i.) Biology & Serology Division.
ii.) Chemistry & Toxicology Division.
iii.) Physics & Ballistics Division.
iv.) Documents and Photography Division.
v.) Narcotics& Drugs Psychotropic Substances Division
vi.) DNA Profiling Division
Biology & Serology; Chemistry & Toxicology Divisions are fully functional since 1990. In Physics and Ballistics Division, examination of
some physics cases has started in 1999, however, for Ballistics work examination of cases started during the year-2002 and the division is
fully functional. As regards Documents and Photography Division, the division is fully functional since October 2000. The analysis of
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narcotics drugs and psychotropic substances started in Nov.2006.Also in changing crime scenario measures are being taken to address new
challenges of modernized crimes timely and objectively by adopting innovations of science and technology in the Forensic Sciences.
The State FSL has seventy four sanctioned posts of scientific and supporting staff.
Filling up of vacant staff positions is actively under process and the vacant positions are required to be filled up immediately so as to keep
pace with the ever-increasing workload.
The police staff is temporarily doing the reception and administrative work regarding crime cases in the SFSL at present.
WORKING
Lab analysis of crime exhibits
Scene of occurrence examination
Expert evidence in the courts
Teaching , training & Awareness programmes
Research and development activities
Forensic intelligence – leads in the investigation of crime
The scientists of the SFSL are examining the exhibits sent by the investigating agencies in different crime cases and submitting their reports.
The knowledge of forensic expertise has not been confined to the four walls of the lab rather found its utility and use in unravelling mysteries
of crime in number of cases by visiting and examining the scene of crimes all over the state of HP. At times, it helped in preventing
miscarriage of justice and saving lives of innocent persons. Cases examined include – Burglary, homicide, suicide, purposes by the State CID
H.P., Police Training College, Dahrongarh accident, road accident, railway accident, and fire in the buildings, vehicles i.e. arson cases,
aerosol explosions, air crash cases. The reports of lab analysis of crime exhibits and scene of occurrence examination have been defended by
deposing expert evidence in the courts as and when required / summoned. Noble deeds done in this arena earned appreciation from the courts
as well.
Forensic scientists, during the first few years, have been disseminating forensic knowledge to the Gazetted Officers of Police, Prosecution,
Judiciary and Medical Officers as well. In the year 2006, sixty senior officers and officers-on-probation of the subordinate judiciary of the
HP, 20 Asstt. District Attorneys-on- probation of prosecution department, 308 investigating officers (NGOs and ORs) of police deptt in the
capsule courses organised at Distt. Hqs, 161 IOs (NGOs and ORs) in courses organised at State FSL courses. 48 investigating officers of
Uttranchal police were imparted training in scientific Aids / Forensic Science during the year – 2004.
Services of the scientists of the laboratory have also been utilized for teaching and training, Punjabi University Patiala, P.U. Chandigarh,
Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla, and Law Deptt. H.P. University Shimla, Govt. Ayurvedic College Paprola, H.P and Uttranchal Police.
Not only this, in order to have forensic awareness amongst the common masses, the Director of the SFSL has delivered radio talks from All
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India Radio, Shimla. This programme has been under taken keeping in view that the public should know do’s and don’ts at the scenes of
crime. It will help protecting scenes of crime till examination by police and the experts.
Director, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh has delivered lectures to the visiting students from the universities and also
arranged visits of other dignitaries. He also evaluated research papers for a few National and International journals and also acted as an
examiner of Postgraduate classes and PhD. in Forensic Sciences of a few universities of the country.
Sometimes, techniques of routine analysis do not help in solving forensic problems and then R&D is resorted to dig out the truth. Also, in an
endeavor to have data base, the R&D is undertaken. In addition, the reports of lab analysis and scene of occurrence examination deliver
essential scientific in puts to give leads in the investigation of crime thereby saving man hours besides putting an investigation on the right
track.
WORKING OF BIOLOGY AND SEROLOGY DIVISION
Examinations of the following types of evidentiary clues in different crime cases for identification and comparison:
Blood, semen and saliva.
Vomit, faecal matter.
Tissues and skin in partially burnt bodies and in dowry deaths.
Bone (Animal and Human) Age, sex and stature in respect of human bones.
Superimposition for establishing identity from a skull and a lifetime photograph.
Hair (animal & human)
Feathers
Maggots.
Wood and Plant Products
Species of origin & ABO blood grouping tests are carried out more often than not in crime cases. However the laboratory has also got the
expertise in rare blood groups and enzyme typing. Cases are being referred to CFSL, Kolkatta and CFSL Chandigarh for DNA typing in gang
rape cases (mixed body fluid stains), in identity problems and in matters of disputed parentage. . Of late, necessary infrastructure in respect
of instruments, consumables and training of manpower has been created for DNA typing. And, in the first instance, intends to undertake
examination in disputed parentage cases in 2007.
WORKING OF CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY DIVISION
The division is examining the clue materials pertaining to different crime cases in respect of:
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Chemical Identification of substances.
Poisons of various types.
Petroleum products residues in arson cases and dowry deaths.
Determination of drunkenness from blood and urine.
Acids and alkalis in personal injury cases.
Grease, Wax, natural oils and resins.
Trap case samples in bribery cases.
Hooch tragedy cases.
Cosmetics and organic dyes.
Use of insecticides and pesticides by farmers in the horticulture and on other crops is enormous in HP. That makes these poisons’ easy
accessibility to the common man and deaths occur by the use of these poisons. Consequently there is a heavy work load of toxicology cases
in the State due to poisoning, and due to viscera being received for analysis in cases of accidental deaths. Its graph is on the increase with
every passing year. As per existing workload the division needs to be strengthened by one additional unit of manpower for toxicology cases.
WORKING OF PHYSICS & BALLISTICS DIVISION
The division started receiving crime cases for examination in 1999. In the year 2000, maximum number of cases pertained to Ballistics,
cables/wires and fire related cases. The trend continued this year too. In Himachal Pradesh single barrel breach loading (SBBL) and single
barrel muzzle loading (SBML) guns are in common use and as such maximum cases are received involving an examination of these types of
firearms. In cases of fire in buildings, vehicles, an examination of electric wires is undertaken to ascertain possible cause either by short-
circuiting or other wise to answer the queries of the investigation agencies. In addition, cables, soil, paint, glass, cut marks, tool-marks and
foot/shoe-prints are examined for comparison. Also the examination of building materials is undertaken to ascertain the composition and ratio
of ingredients used in the construction material.
This Division carried out following examinations during the year:
Soil examination and comparison.
Footprints, shoe prints & tyre marks
Gun shot residues.
Comparison of Wires.
Paints and Glass.
Tool marks.
Firearms examination.
Cartridge and bullets comparisons and firearm identification.
Building Materials.
4
WORKING OF DOCUMENTS & PHOTOGRAPHY DIVISION
Document and Photography division started functioning from October 2000. Cases pertaining to analysis of handwriting, typewriting and
computer typing, printed documents, alteration and addition, exercises especially mechanically erased documents, obliterated documents,
indented documents, frauds, forgeries, fake currency and burnt documents were examined in the division. The division also carried out the
work of examination of stamps and seals on the paper and wood -logs. The photography work was done inside the laboratory for the crime
case exhibits and at the scenes of crime at different places. Efforts have been made in ink examination to establish nature of ink used in the
writings.
Following works were carried out by this Division during the year 2004:
Photography at scenes of crime.
Indoor photography of exhibits.
Photographic comparison.
Photographic comparison for identification by superimposition.
Examination of exhibits in respect of handwriting typewritten scripts, computer typed scripts, printing forgeries & frauds,
security documents and completely soiled and burnt documents.
Examination of stamps/seals.
Examination of paper.
WORKING OF NARCOTICS & PSYCHOTROPIC DRUG SUBSTANCES DIVISION
The division started functioning in November 2006 and perhaps first of its kind in the northern part of the country being exclusively devoted
to the analysis of NDPS substances. With the availability of facility, cases started pouring in from different parts of the state. The division is
well equipped to undertake examination of the varied nature of psychotropic cases.
Following types of cases were examined:
Opium
Charas
Bhang
Ganja
Heroin/Smack/Brown sugar
Poppy straw (Husk)
5
Other psychotropic substances are given in the schedule 1, 11,111 and 1V. However psychotropic substances generally encountered in the
cases are given below and testing facilities for their analysis exist:
Alprazolam
Dextropropoxyphene hydrochloride
Codein phosphate
Dextropropoxyphene Napsylate
Buprenorphine hydrochloride
Diazepam
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ORGANISATIONAL CHART
STATE FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY, HIMACHAL PRADESH,
DIRECTOR-1
DEPUTY DIRECTOR-1 DNA DIVISION
BIOLOGY & CHEMISTRY & OFFICE PHYSICS & DOCUMENTS & NDPS DIVISION DNA
SEROLOGY TOXICOLOGY BALLISTICS PHOTOGRAPHY PROFILING
DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION. DIVISION
Asstt.Director-1 Asstt.Director-1 Superintendent-1 Asstt.Director-1 Asstt.Director-1 Asstt.Director-1 Asstt.Director-
2
Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Sr. Assistant-2 Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Scientific
Officer-2
Scientific Asstt.-2 Scientific Asstt.-2 Jr.Scale Steno-2 Scientific Asstt.-1 Scientific Asstt.-1
Laboratory Asstt.-3 Laboratory Asstt.-3 Clerks-4 Laboratory Asstt.-2 Laboratory Asstt.-2
Lab.Attendant-3 Lab.Attendant-3 Stenotypist-4 Lab.Attendant-2 Lab.Attendant-2
Computer
Operator-1
Head Constable-1
(Guard)
Constable-4
Constable Driver-3
Peons-7
Mali-1
Sweeper-2
7
ORGANISATIONAL CHART
REGIONAL FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY MANDI, HIMACHAL PRADESH,
DEPUTY DIRECTOR-1
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES CHEMICAL SCIENCES PHYSICAL SCIENCES MINISTERIAL STAFF.
DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION
Assistant.Director-1 Assistant Director-1 Assistant Director-1 Sr.Assistant-1
Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Clerk-1
Scientific Assistant-1 Scientific Assistant-1 Scientific Assistant-1 Jr.Scale Steno-1
Laboratory Assistant-1 Laboratory Assistant-1 Laboratory Assistant-1 Stenotypist-1
Laboratory Attendant-1 Laboratory Attendant-1 Laboratory Attendant-1 Peon-2
Sweeper-1
Constable Driver-1
ORGANISATIONAL CHART
REGIONAL FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY DHARAMSHALA, HIMACHAL PRADESH,
DEPUTY DIRECTOR-1
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES CHEMICAL SCIENCES PHYSICAL SCIENCES MINISTERIAL STAFF.
DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION
Assistant.Director-1 Assistant Director-1 Assistant Director-1 Sr.Assistant-1
Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Scientific Officer-1 Clerk-1
Scientific Assistant-1 Scientific Assistant-1 Scientific Assistant-1 Jr.Scale Steno-1
Laboratory Assistant-1 Laboratory Assistant-1 Laboratory Assistant-1 Stenotypist-1
Laboratory Attendant-1 Laboratory Attendant-1 Laboratory Attendant-1 Peon-2
Sweeper-1
Constable Driver-1
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II. The powers and duties of its officers and employees:
Following are the duties of the officers/officials of the scientific staff of State Forensic Science Laboratory, HP, Junga:
1. Director
1. Examination, evaluation, comparison of clue materials and to submit scientific reports.
2. To testify or give evidence before Judicial/Semi-judicial/Inquiry authority as and when required.
3. Examination of scene of crime and submission of reports.
4. Research in Forensic Science and related fields.
5. Teaching and training of IOs/NGOs of Police Prosecution and Judiciary in Forensic Science.
6. Any other scientific and Administrative work assigned by the ADGP/CID, Director, General of Police, HP, /Government.
Besides above duties, he is the head of the Institution as well as Controlling Officer and has to perform duties related to it. He has to
manage all the Scientific matters for the over all scientific development of the Institution for the incorporation of new technology.
2. Dy. Director
1. Examination, evaluation, comparison of clue materials and to submit scientific reports.
2. To testify or give evidence before Judicial/Semi-judicial/Inquiry authority as and when required.
3. Examination of scene of crime and submission of reports.
4. Research in Forensic Science and related fields.
5. Teaching and training of personnel’s in Forensic Science and related fields.
6. He/she will be responsible for efficient working of the division(s) and expeditious disposal of work/cases pertaining to the
division(s) by giving quality reports.
7. He/she will render all assistance to the D/FSL in updating and introducing new technologies in the division(s).
8. Any other work related to scientific or administrative nature assigned to him by the Director FSL, ADGP/CID, DGP/Govt.
Besides above duties, he is required to assist the Director, FSL in the matters of scientific and administrative nature. He is the
supervisory officer and Divisional Incharge of atleast two Divisions and has to guide the Scientists working under him. Management
of Scientific and Administrative work has also to be looked after by him under the guidance of Director, State FSL, HP.
9
3. Assistant Director
1. Examination, evaluation, comparison of clue materials and to submit scientific reports.
2. To testify or give evidence before Judicial/Semi-judicial/Inquiry authority as and when required.
3. Examination of scene of crime and submission of reports.
4. Research in Forensic Science and related fields.
5. Teaching and training of personals in Forensic Science and related fields.
6. He/she will be responsible for efficient working of the division(s) and expeditious disposal of work/cases pertaining to the
division(s) by giving quality reports.
7. He/she will render all assistance to the D/FSL in updating and introducing new technologies in the division.
8. Any other work assigned by senior officers/Govt.
He/she is Divisional Incharge of his/her division. He also supervises and guide the scientific and technical staff of his division
concerned in Administrative and scientific matters.
4. Scientific Officer
1. Examination, evaluation, comparison of clue materials and to submit scientific reports.
2. To testify or give evidence before Judicial/Semi-judicial/Inquiry authority as and when required.
3. Examination of scene of crime and submission of reports.
4. Research in Forensic Science and related fields.
5. Teaching and training of personals in Forensic Science and related fields.
6. He/she will be responsible for efficient working of the division(s) and expeditious disposal of work/cases pertaining to the
division(s) by giving quality reports.
7. He/she will render all assistance to the D/FSL in updating and introducing new technologies in the division.
8. Any other work assigned by senior officers/Govt.
He/she is also Incharge scientific unit of staff working under him /her and also has to guide and supervisor the Unit.
5. Scientific Assistant
1. Examination, evaluation, comparison of clue materials and to submit scientific reports.
2. To assist the officers/Experts in examination of scene of crime and the exhibits in the laboratory.
3. Assistance in research in Forensic Science and related fields under the supervision of experts.
4. Assistance in practical demonstration during teaching and training.
5. Any other work assigned by the senior officers.
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6. He/she will also be assist in keeping the laboratory and equipments in order for scientific examination and shall help in
expeditious disposal of work/cases pertaining to the division and also to help in the preparation of quality reports.
7. He/she will also render all assistance to the senior officers in the division in updating and introducing new technology in the
division.
6. Laboratory Assistant
1. He/she is required to assist SA/SO/AD/DD and Director in examination evaluation and comparison of clue material especially
for systematic arranging of exhibits and reagents.
2. To maintain register of the division concerned for making entries of the exhibits/cases received in the division. He/she also
has to maintain all the records of chemical, glassware and equipments and to prepare date whenever required.
3. To perform another duties assigned by senior officers.
7. Lab. Attendant
1. To clean the laboratory tables / apparatus sinks, shelves, furniture and other items in the division.
2. To hold and carry exhibits, glass-apparatus, reagents from where required. To cut open /seal the exhibits of the Division in the
presence of experts and to carry them from one Division to another or to Crime branch.
3. To perform any other duties assigned by senior officers for the cleanliness of the laboratory as a whole and for carrying
materials and other items for the functioning of the laboratory.
III. The procedures followed in the decision making process, including channels of supervision and accountability.
The cases are examined by the teams of the experts in different divisions. The exhibits are examined as per scientific protocols in the manuals
of different divisions of Forensic Science. The scientific and administrative work of the different divisions is supervised by the Assistant
Directors; heads of the divisions and overall supervision of the scientific and administrative work is carried out by the Director, State Forensic
Science Laboratory, Himachal Pradesh, Junga – 173216. The laboratory is functioning under the Administrative control of Home
Department, Govt. of Himachal Pradesh. The exhibits for examination are received in sealed condition from the Investigating Agencies
alongwith samples of seals used. After examination of the exhibits in the laboratory the remanants of the exhibits are returned to the
Investigating Agency, which can be used for re-examination, if required, this is being done to keep transparency in the examination process.
The reagents and chemicals used in testing are tested with negative as well as positive control samples so as to checkup the potency and
validity of the reagents and chemicals. This avoids erroneous false positive or negative results. The tests are repeated twice to check the
reproducibility of the results. After reproducible results have been obtained the reports are prepared accordingly and sent to the investigating
agencies. Efforts have always been made to give the reports in the minimum possible time depending upon workload in different divisions.
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IV. The norms set by it for the discharge of its functions.
The Directorate of Forensic Science, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, has setup work norms for all the Central and State Forensic
Science Laboratories in the county. The same are being followed in Himachal Pradesh, which are as under:
WORK NORMS OF FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY AND GOVERNMENT
EXAMINERS OF QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS.
Division No.of cases/exhibits to be examined Scope
per year.(200 working days.
Biology 750 cases with 4500 exhibits Stain examination, routine microscopic examination, hair examination and
routine botanical examination etc.
Serology 700 cases with 3200 exhibits Origin, Routine blood grouping, Iso-enzyme etc.
DNA 150 cases with 750 exhibits DNA Analysis, superimposition, anthropological examination, food
poisoning etc.
Toxicology 450 cases with 1200 exhibit Extraction, detection and identification of poisoning in body tissues,
detection and estimation of blood drug level in clinical toxicological cases,
detection and identification of poisons in suspected poisonous samples.
Chemistry 300 cases with 800 exhibits Arson, Petroleum products, General Analysis of Chemical substances
Liquor 4000 cases with 8000 exhibits Chemical/Instrumental Analysis of Liquor samples with respect to
(Chemistry) qualitative and quantitative estimation of ethyl alcohol and all other related
substances.
Narcotics 4000 cases with 1200 exhibits Analysis of narcotics and psychotropic substances.
Explosives 300 cases with 1200 exhibits Analysis of Post Blast explosive residues, unexploded explosive material,
identification of pyro-techniques etc.
Ballistics 200 cases with 750 exhibits Firearm and ammunition identification, bullet examination, range of firing,
time of firing, GSR residue analysis etc.
Physics 200 cases with 750 exhibits Physical examination of trace elements like physical measurements, trace
element profile, tool marks, deciphering, building materials, fiber and
fabrics, glass/plastics, voice analysis, fake currency, counterfeit coins,
broken objects.
Questioned 240 cases with 12000 exhibits Forensic Examination of documents including examination of signatures,
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Documents writings, stamp impression, typewriting, printed matter, erasures,
addition/obliteration, currency note, lottery tickets


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