• I . zogadi mimoxilva spilenZi, tyvia, TuTia. madanSemcvel


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    • Abstract: aWara I . zogadi mimoxilva spilenZi, tyvia, TuTia. madanSemcvelqanebSi dafiqsirebulia vercxlisa da1. teritoriis farTobi oqros iSviaTi elementebis: selenis,teluris, kadmiumis, stronciumis sam-

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aWara
I . zogadi mimoxilva spilenZi, tyvia, TuTia. madanSemcvel
qanebSi dafiqsirebulia vercxlisa da
1. teritoriis farTobi oqros iSviaTi elementebis: selenis,
teluris, kadmiumis, stronciumis sam-
aWaris teritoriis farTobi 2900 kv.km-
rewvelo Semcvelobebi.
ia rac mTliani teritoriis 4.2%-s
regionSi cnobilia feradi da sana-
Seadgens.
keTobo qvebis ramdenime saxeoba, maRal-
dekoratiuli iaspis, aqatis, opalis,
kalcedonis da fisisebri bazalti.
2. wylis resursi
regioni mdidaria wylis resursiT.
ZiriTadi wylis arteriebia: md. Coloqi,
kintriSi, aWyva, CaqvisWyali, yorolis
wyali, barcxana, joWoswyali, Warnali
regions esazRvreba guria da samcxe- Woroxi, maWaxelaswyali da aWariswyali.
javaxeTi. samxreTiT aWaras saxelmwifo
sazRvari aqvs TurqeTis respublikasTan.
3. energetika
aWaris teritoriaze ganlagebulia
2. TviTmmarTveli erTeulebi
mcire simZlavris xuTi hidroeleqtro
regionis administraciul-teritori- sadguri:
uli erTeulebia: qobuleTis, xelva-  “aw-hesi”- qeda;
Cauris, qedis, Suaxevis da xulos  “sanalia hesi”- Suaxevi;
municipaliteti da TviTmmarTveli qala-  “maWaxela hesi”- xelvaCauri;
qi baTumi. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTve-  “aWi hesi”- qobuleTi;
loba xorcieldeba warmomadgenlobiTi
 “kinkiSa hesi”- qobuleTi.
(sakrebulo) da aRmasrulebeli (gamgeoba,
meria) organoebis mier. aRmasrulebel
regionis teritoriaze funqcionirebs
xelisuflebas axorcielebs aWaris avto-
eleqtrosistemis balansze ricxuli 220
nomiuri respublikis mTavroba. xolo
kv. Zabvis eleqtro gadamcemi xazebi
administraciuli centria – TviTmmarTve-
`paliastomi – I’’ da `paliastomi – II’’,
li qalaqi - baTumi. manZili administra-
110 kv Zabvis e.g.x. `anaseuli’’ da `Caqvi’’
ciul centrsa da Tbiliss Soris 376 km-
da sxva.
ia.
regions emsaxureba 110/35/10-6 kv Zabvis
46 erTeuli maRali Zabvis damwevi
qvesadguri:
II. bunebrivi resursebi da garemo  baTumi - 7
 qobuleTi - 9
1. mineralur-rekreaciuli  xelvaCauri - 10
resursi  qeda - 7
 Suaxevi - 5
aWaraSi arsebuli mineralur-resu-
 xulo – 8
rsuli baza feradi metalurgiisa da
oqros warmoebis saSualebas iZleva.
liTonebis samrewvelo maragebia:
III. adamianuri, socialuri da 2. ganaTleba
kulturuli kapitali
regionSi funqcionirebs umaRlesi
1. mosaxleoba saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebi:
2009 wlis 1 ianvris monacemebiT  SoTa rusTavelis saxelobis
regionis mosaxleoba 382.4 aTas adamians saxelmwifo universiteti;
Seadgens, rac saqarTvelos mTliani  baTumis sazRvao akademia;
mosaxleobis 8.7%-ia. 2008 welTan  baTumis ucxo enaTa instituti;
SedarebiT mosaxleobis raodenoba 0.6%-  baTumis pedagogiuri instituti;
iT Semcirda.
 socialur-politikuri instituti;
TviTmmarTveli erTeulebis mixedviT  baTumis damoukidebel universite-
mosaxleobis ricxovnobis (2009 wlis 1 ti da sxva.
ianvris monacemebiT) meti wili q. umaRles saganmanaTleblo dawese-
baTumze modis _ 122.5 aTasi kaci, rac bulebebSi studentTa ricxovnobam
aWaris mTliani mosaxleobis 32%-ia. 2008/2009 wlebSi 5305 studenti Seadgina,
Semdeg modis: xelvaCauris municipa- rac mTlianad saqarTvelos studentTa
liteti _ 92.8 aTasi kaci, qobuleTis raodenobis 5.7%-ia.
municipaliteti _ 89.8 aTasi kaci, xulos
municipaliteti _ 35 aTasi kaci, Suaxevis
municipaliteti _ 22.3 aTasi kaci da
3. socialuri uzrunvelyofa
qedis munipaliteti _ 20 aTasi kaci.
aWaraSi 2008 wels cocxlad dabade- pensionerebis ricxovnoba aWaraSi 2008
bulTa raodenoba iyo 5391 kaci, rac wels 63 232 kaci Seadgina, rac mTlianad
saqarTveloSi sul dabadebulTa raode- saqarTveloSi pensionerTa raodenobis
nobis 9.5%-ia, xolo gardacvalebulTa 7.5%-ia.
raodenobam 2813 kaci Seadgina.
mosaxleobis eTnikuri Semadgenloba
aWaraSi Semdegi saxisaa: 4. kulturuli da istoriuli
 qarTveli – 324 800 kaci; resursi
 afxazi – 1600 kaci; aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis
 osi – 200 kaci; teritoriaze mdebare arqiteqturisa da
 rusi – 9100 kaci; kulturis Zeglebs Soris umniSvnelo-
 ukraineli _ 1100 kaci; vanesia: gonios cixe, xulos munici-
 azerbaijaneli _ 500 kaci; palitetSi mdebare sxalTis xuroT-
 somexi _ 8 800; moZRvruli kompleqsi, XIII saukunis
 berZeni _ 2 200 kaci; RvTismSoblis taZari, marani da frag-
 sxva erovnebis – 1 400. mentulad daculi ezos galavani.
(2007 wlis monacemebi) aRniSvnis Rirsia baTumis botanikuri
baRi - romelic gaSenebulia baTumidan 9
km-is daSorebiT, mwvane koncxze, 111 ha
farTobze. baRSi sami dendroparki,
kolxeTis tyis nakrZali da landSaf-
tur-geografiuli principiT Seqmnili 9
floristuli ganyofilebaa.
IV. adgilobrivi infrastruqtura V. adgilobrivi ekonomika
1. teqnikuri infrastruqtura 1. registrirebuli ekonomikuri
subieqtebi
aWaraSi moqmedi Sps `aWaris eleqtro-
kavSiris” saqmianobis sfero mTlianad registrirebuli ekonomikuri subi-
moicavs eleqtronuli komunikaciebis eqtebis raodenoba aWaraSi 2009 wlis I
saSualebebiT momsaxurebas, rogoricaa kvartalSi 15 369 kaci dafiqsirda, rac
adgilobrivi satelefono kavSiri, saqarTveloSi sul registrirebul
saqalaqTaSoriso da saerTaSoriso adamianTa raodenobis 5.6%-ia.
kavSiri, satelegrafo kavSiri da radio- 2008 wels registrirebul ekonomikur
uzrunvelyofa. subieqtTa raodenobam regionSi 14206
regionSi kavSirgabmulobis dargi Seadgina.
warmodgenilia oTxi kompaniiT: Sps
`aWaris eleqtrokavSiri~, Sps `saba-
teli~, Sps `vemateli~ (4000 nomriT), Sps
2. dasaqmeba
`alkomi~ (250 nomriT).
aWaris avtonomiur respublikaSi 2008 weli aWara saqarTvelo
internetqseliT momsaxureobas ewevian raoden. wili raodenoba
Semdegi internetprovaideruli kompa- sul aqtiuri
niebi: `onlaini”, Sps `ateli”, `alfate- 164.2 8.6 1917.8
mosaxleoba
lekomi”, `si ti es”. internetmomsaxureba momuSave 122.2 7.6 1 601,9
moicavs mxolod q. baTumsa da q. daqiravebuli 44.7 7.8 572,4
qobuleTs. TviTdasaqmebuli 77.4 7.5 1 028,5
aWaris avtonomiuri respublika gaurkveveli 0.1 6.5 1,1
iTvleba fiWuri kavSiriT momsaxurebis umuSevari 42.1 13.3 315,8
dafarvis zonad. aWaris mosaxleoba umuSevrobis done
25.6 155.5 16,5
ZiriTadad sargeblobs mobiluri kompa- (%)
aqtiurobis done (%) 59.6 95.5 62,6
niebis magTisa da jeoselis momsa-
dasaqmebis done (%) 44.4 84.8 52,3
xurebiT.
dasaqmebulTa raodenoba aWaris re-
2. sagzao infrastruqtura gionSi 2009 wlis I naxevarSi iyo 24 139
kaci, rac saqarTveloSi dasaqmebulTa
aWaris teritoriaze saavtomobilo raidenobis 7.6%-s Seadgns.
gza Sedgeba saerTaSoriso, Sidasa-
xelmwifoebrivi da adgilobrivi (sa-
soflo) mniSvnelobis monakveTebisagan.
regionSi sul 1377 km sigrZis saavto- 3. ekonomika
mobilo gzaa. maT Soris: qobuleTSi _ aWaris regionSi Seqmnilma mTlianma
324 km, xelvaCaurSi _ 209 km, qedaSi _ 197 damatebulma Rirebulebam 1288.8 mln
km, SuaxevSi _ 278 km da xuloSi _ 213 km. lari Seadgina, rac wina wlis analo-
2004-2008 wlebSi sareabilitacio giur maCvenebelze 2.0%-iT metia, xolo
samuSaoebi Catarda jamSi 49 km. sigrZis saqarTvelos masStabiT Seqmnili
sagzao monakveTze. 2009 wels samuSaoebi mTliani damatebuli Rirebulebis 7.8%-ia.
mimdinareobs 10 km-is gzis monakveTze. regionSi Seqmnil mTlian damatebul
RirebulebaSi yvelaze didi wili saxel-
mwifo mmarTvelobis seqtors ukavia _
226.9 mln. lari, rac mTliani mocu-
lobis 17.6%-ia, Semdeg modis vaWroba _ 4. soflis meurneoba
15.2%, transporti da kavSirgabmuloba _
14% da a.S. aWaris regionSi soflis meurneobis
Semdegi produqtebi iwarmoeba: simindi,
lobio, karofili, bostneuli, Tambaqo,
momsaxureba 156 xili, citrusi, yurZeni, Cai. aqedan
jandacva 71 yvelaze metad aWaris regionSi citru-
ganaTleba 80
saxelm.mmarTveloba 227
sis warmoebaa ganviTarebuli.
transp. da … 189
vaWroba 196 sasoflo sameurneo daniSnulebis mi-
mSenebloba 69
mln .lari webidan privatizirebulia 4 350 ha.
produqciis gadamuS. 38
aqedan:
mrewveloba 139
soflis meurneoba 124
 xelvaCauri _ 236 ha;
0,0 50,0 100,0 150,0 200,0 250,0
 qobuleTi _ 2 555 ha;
 Suaxevi _ 379 ha;
aRsaniSnavia, rom 2008 wels wina  xulo _ 1 180 ha.
welTan SedarebiT yvelaze didi zrda
saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis seqtorSi _ regionSi funqcionirebs ramdenime
52.0% dafiqsirda, xolo soflis xilisa da bostneulis gadamamuSavebeli
meurneobaSi _ 24.8%. sawarmo, 5 wisqvilkombinti, 4 msxvili
regionSi 2004-2008 wlebSi ekonomikis puris qarxana, erTi agroserviscentri da
yvela dargsa da sferoSi gaizarda sxva.
produqciis gamoSvebis da brunvis
moculoba. cxrilSi warmodgenilia 2008 sasoflo sameurneo savargulebis
wlis monacemebi. moculoba 72 862 ha-s Seadgens. aqedan:
 saZovari _ 37759 ha;
saqar-
Tvelo
aWara  saxnavi _ 10309 ha;
2008 weli  saTibi _ 7159 ha;
raod raod %  sasveni _ 1736 ha;
 sxva danarCeni _ 15899 ha.
samewarmeo mrewvelob
dasaqmeba (kaci) 85 711 4 659 5,4%
brunva (mln. l) 4 637,6 107,7 2,3%
a
gamoSveba
(mln.l) 3 821,8 96,1 2,5% saxnavi
14.1%
dasaqmeba (kaci) 349 250 29 229 8,4%
sfero
brunva (mln. l) 19 650,7 1 007,9 5,1% sxva dan
gamoSveba saZovari,
21.8%
(mln.l) 10 248,4 584,4 5,7% 51.8%
transporti
kabSirgabmu
dasaqmeba (kaci) 50 560 3 670 7,3% nasveni
loba
2,4%
da
brunva (mln. l) 3 004,7 131,1 4,4%
gamoSveba
(mln.l) 2 043,6 114,9 5,6% saTibi
9.8%
mSenebloba
dasaqmeba (kaci) 38 109 5 351 14,0%
brunva (mln.l) 1 412,0 239,2 16,9%
gamoSveba
(mln.l) 1 434,7 240,0 16,7%
5. samSeneblo seqtori
dasaqmeba (kaci) 55 278 4 507 8,2%
vaWroba
brunva (mln.l) 9 238,0 446,6 4,8%
gamoSveba
(mln.l) 1 464,7 50,8 3,5%
aWaraSi 2007 wels individualur
sacxovrebel saxlze gaica _ 169
nebarTva. aqedan saproeqto obieqtebis
moculoba iyo _ 115288.34 kub.m, sapro- qobuleTi
eqto oboeqtebis saerTo farTobi iyo _
89207.53 kv.k, moSenebis _ 31164.56 kv.m,  Sps “anaCi”_ sabiTumo vaWroba Savi
miwis nakveTis _ 98981.2kv.m. da feradi liTonebiT jarTiTa da
narCenebiT;
2008 wlis I-III kv. aWaris regionSi
gacemuli iqna 248 nebarTva da obieqtis  Sps “bombori”_ sacalo vaWroba
saerTo saproeqto farTi Seadgenda _ Zravis saTbobiT;
98852.4 kv.m. 2007 wels regionSi gacemuli
iqna 399 nebarTva da obieqtis saerTo xelvaCauri
saproeqto farTi Seadgenda _ 547706 kv.m.
 Sps “holderi”_ Senobebis saerTo
mSenebloba;
6. sawarmoebi  Sps “gzebi”_ gzebisa da aerodromebis
mSenebloba;
2009 wlis monacemebiT aWaraSi moqmed
sawarmoTa raodenobam 3125 erTeuli  Sps “urexi”_ fqvilis warmoeba;
Seadgina, rac mTlianad saqarTveloSi  Sps “bakoili” _ navTobgadamuSavebis
moqmed sawarmoTa raodenobis 8.5%-ia. maT produqtebis warmoeba;
Soris:
 Sps “DEKO_deko” _ RorRiani da qvi-
 msxvili sawarmoa – 170; Sovani karierebis damuSaveba;
 saSualo sawarmo _ 289;  Sps “terminali-toria” _ saavto-
 mcire sawarmo _ 2666. mobilo transportis funqcionireba;
regionSi moqmedi msxvili sawarmoebia:  Sps “ocneba”_ keramikuli filebis
warmoeba. angisa;
baTumi
 Sps “baTumis sazRvao savaWro nav-  Sps “graniti”_ sasaqonlo granitis
sadguri” _ tvirTis satransporto warmoeba;
damuSaveba;  Sps “orcva” _ fqvilis warmoeba da
 Sps “bonusi” _ sabiTumo vaWroba sxva.
avtomobilis benziniT;
 Sps “nurol saqarTvelo” _ Senobebis 7. safinanso seqtori
saerTo mSenebloba;
aWaris teritoriaze moqmedebs komer-
 Sps “baTumis wyali” _ wylis
ciuli bankebis _ 19 da mikrosafinanso _
dagroveba, gawmenda da ganawileba;
4 organizacia.
 Sps “aWaris bunebrivi airi” _
airisebri saTbobis ganawileba baTumi: saqarTvelos erovnuli bankis
milsadenebiT da misi gayidva; baTumis filiali, “saqarTvelos banki”,
“saxalxo banki”, “Tibisi banki” “banki
 Sps “aWaris eleqtrokavSiri”_ respublika”, “prokreditbanki”, “banki
eleqtro kavSiri; qarTu”, “viTibi banki jorjia”, “agro-
 Sps “baTumiteqsi” _ specializebuli investbanki”, “tao banki” “bazis banki”,
zeda tansacmlis warmoeba da sxva. “bta silqroud banki”.
aseve sakredito dawesebulebebi:  gaeros ganviTarebis programa sa-
“finka saqarTvelo”, “fondi kostanta”, qarTveloSi – `dasaqmebis xelSewyo-
“vf kredo” da “BBK Fin Group”. bisa da mcire da saSualo sawarmoTa
ganviTarebis programa”;
qobuleTi: “saqarTvelos banki”, “pro-
 msoflio bankis proeqtebi, saqarTve-
kreditbanki”, “saxalxo banki”, sakre-
los soflis meurneobis ganvi-
dito dawesebulebebi “finka saqarTve-
Tarebis fondi;
lo”, “vf kredo”.
 sursaTiT uzrunvelyofis, regio-
aseve “saxalxo banki”, xelvaCauris, naluri TanamSromlobisa da stabi-
xulos, qedis da Suaxevis mxareSi. lurobis xelSewyoba samxreT kavka-
siaSi (GTZ);
 CHF International, World Vision International
8. privatizeba saqarTveloSi ;
2008 wels privatizebuli obieqtebis  urbanuli institutebi;
raodenobam regionSi 114 erTeuli  finka saqarTvelo;
Seadgina, rac wina wlis analogiur
 fondi konstanta;
maCvenebelze 14%-iT naklebia, xolo
mTlianad saqarTveloSi privatizebuli  fondi “Ria sazogadoeba saqarTvelo”;
obieqtebis 18%-ia.  miwis mflobelTa uflebebis dacvis
asociacia;
2004 wlidan dRemde aWaris regionSi
 samoqalaqo sazogadoebis instituti.
privatizebulia 424 obieqti, rac mTli-
anad saqarTveloSi 2004 wlidan priva-
tizebuli obiqtebis 15%-ia.
10. ucxouri investiciebi
provatizebuli obieqtebis raodenoba aWaraSi ganxorcielda Semdegi pirda-
900 25
800
776 23 piri ucxouri investiciebi:
700
18 632 20
595
600 14 14
500 411
15  franguli investicia _ Sps “Tolia”;
%
400
300
267 7 10  rusuli investicia _ Sps “inturist
200 111 134 114 5 palasi”;
100 38 27
0 0  yazaxuri investicia _ ss “aWaris
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
kurortebis”;
aWara saqarTvelo wili mTlianSi
 avstriuli investicia _ fexburTis
stadionis reabilitacia;
9. saerTaSoriso ekonomikuri  Turquli investicia _ Sss sami-
TanamSromloba nistros Senobis reabilitacia;
 daniuri investicia _ Sps “Selfi”.
regionis ganviTarebisaTvis mrava-
li proeqti xorcieldeba sxvadasxva ucxouri kapitalis monawileobiT
saerTaSoriso organizaciebis mier, es funqcionireba daiwyo xilis gadama-
proeqtebia: muSavebelma sawarmoebma Sps `narinji~.
 aTaswleulis gamowvevis programa “em- da `qarTuli produqti~. Sps narinjma
si-ji”, biznesis sakonsultacio 2008 wels miiRo 1 000 000 lari
momsaxurebis programa saqarTvelo;
saxelmwifo programa `iafi kreditis~ cieleba, aseve satumroebis, restornebis,
farglebSi. gasarTobi centrebis mSenebloba, rac
qmnis turizmis ganviTarebis karg
perspeqtivebs regionSi.
zRvispira kurortetebia: baTumi, maxin-
11. sainvesticio potenciali jauri, qobuleTi. sakurorto adgilebia:
boboyvaTi, gonio_sarfi, fiWvnari, beSumi,
privatizaciis procesSi monawi- cixisZiri, baTumis mTa, mwvane kocxi,
leobs, rogorc qarTuli, aseve ucxouri boZauri, kintriSi, kokotauri, sariCai,
kapitali. gansakuTrebiT, yazaxuri, saRoria, skurdas mTa tomaSeTi, Ciruxi,
Turquli, ukrainuli, rusuli, somxuri, ciskara, xinos mTa da jinali.
daniuri, holandiuri, britanuli, fran- TiToeuli kurorti an sakurorto
guli da sxva qveynebis investiciebi. adgili xasiaTdeba Semdegi savaraudo
regionSi Seqmnil xelsayrel sainves- samedicino profiliT: kardiologiuri,
ticio garemos ganapirobebs Semdegi navrologiuri, profilaktikuri, pulmo-
faqtorebi: nologiuri, arTrologiuri, gastro-
 aWaris geostrategiuli mdebareoba; enterologiuri da sxva.
 kvalificiuri da iafi muSaxelis
arseboba;
2. Teatrebis da muzeumebis
 mimzidveli sawarmoo da sacxovre- raodenoba aWaraSi
beli pirobebis arseboba;
 xelsayreli saeqsporto reJimebi
mxareSi funqcionirebs: baTumis
(WTOSO-s wevroba, GSP-i reJimiT
ilia WavWavaZis saxelmwifo dramatuli
sargebloba);
Teatri, baTumis mozard-mayurebelTa da
 logistikuri, satransporto da Tojinebis saxelmwifo Teatri, xulos
sakomunikacio infrastruqturis arse- saxelmwifo Teatri, aWaris xariton
boba; axvledianis saxelobis saxelmwifo
 maRalxarisxiani nedleulis da mdi- muzeumi, aWaris xelovnebis saxelmwifo
dari bunebrivi resursebis arseboba; muzeumi, gonio-afsarosis muzeum-
nakrZali, baTumis arqeologiuri muzeumi
 biznesisa da momsaxurebis garemos
da cixisZiris muzeum-nakrZali.
gaumjobeseba;
 pirdapirdapiri ucxouri investiciebis
mozidvisas mTavrobis mxardaWera.
VII. adgilobrivi biujetis Semosulobebi
VI. turizmi 1. sagadasaxado, arasagadasaxado da
kapitaluri Semosavlebi
1. kurortebi da potenciuri 2008 wels regionSi sagadasaxado,
sakurorto adgilebi arasagadasaxado da kapitaluri Semo-
turizmi aWaris regionis erT-erT savlebidan miRebulma Semosavalma 131.1
mniSvnelovan prioritets warmoadgens. mln lari Seadgina, rac saqarTvelos
regionSi mimdinareobs infrasturqturuli masStabiT miRebuli Semosavlebis 27.4%-ia.
investiciebis da turizmis sferoSi
dagegmili sxavdasxva proeqtebis ganxor-
3. adgilobrivi mosakreblebi
saqarTv 2008 wels adgilobrivi mosakreb-
aWara
elo (mln lebidan miRebulma Semosavalma 5 801.7
(mln lari) aTasi lari Seadgina, rac saqarTvelos
lari) 131,1
471,7… 22% masStabiT miRebuli Semosavlis mxolod
9.3%-ia.
aWara
saqarTve (mln
lo (mln lari)
2. qonebis gadasaxadi lari 5,8
62,2 9%
91%
aWaris mxareSi 2008 wels qonebis
gadasaxadidan Semosulma Tanxam 10,2 mln
lari Seadgina, rac mTlianad
saqarTvelos teritoriuli erTeulebis
qonebis gadasaxadidan Semosuli Tanxis
4. finansuri daxmarebebi
mxolod 7.8%-ia.
adgilobrivi biujetis finansurma
daxmarebebma transferis saxiT 21 527.2
aTasi lari Seadgina, rac saqarTvelos
aWara
(mln masStabiT gacemuli transferebis
saqarTv lari)
elo
mxolod 4.3%-ia.
10,2
(mln 7%
lari)
131,7…
specialu
gamoTana
ri (mln
brebiTi
lari)
(mln
2,1
maT Soris aRsaniSnavia, rom qonebis lari)
10%
gadasaxadSi yvelaze maRali wili 19,4…
sawarmoTa qonebis gadasaxads ukavia,
mTliani gadasaxadis 70.7%.
miwis
gadas
(mln.la
ri) 2,7
26% sawarmo
Ta
qonebis
fizikur
gadas.
pirTa
(mln.la
gadas.
ri) 7,2…
(mln.la
ri) 0,3
3%


Use: 0.0332