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Physics Department Overview
HEP Annual BNL Program Review
4/22-23/04
S. Aronson
2
Contents
Mission & demographics
Research thrusts
Funding history
Current and near-term budgets
Issues
Outlook
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
3
Mission & demographics
The Physics Department’s HEP mission is to
perform and support forefront research in
particle physics
Long tradition of AGS, CERN and Fermilab research
The hosts BNL’s scientific program in HEP with
the following staff:
Scientists 44.3
Prof. (incl. IT) 28.7
Tech/Admin 19.6
TOTAL 92.6 FTEs
The total HEP new B/A in FY 2004 (KA11, KA14,
KA15) is $19,417,000 (as of March 04)
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
4
Age Distribution of HEP PhDs
20
15 Term Staff &
Postdocs
10
Permanent Staff
5
0
70
Age
Tight funding dearth of post-docs and
junior level staff members
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
5
Average labor costs
Five and ten-year trends
Avg Salary + Fringe &
Average Salary
Category Grade Indirects
1994 1999 2004 2004
Tenured Scientist S-4 75,842 92,487 103,015 221,483
Scientist S-3 72,908 81,564 96,223 206,879
Research Associates RA-1 39,033 40,313 48,145 95,809
Technicians T-7 to TW-1 46,605 56,983 65,841 141,558
5 YEAR 10 INCREASE
INCREASE % %
Tenured Scientist S-4 22% 36%
Scientist S-3 12% 32%
Research Associates RA-1 3% 23%
Technicians T-7 to TW-1 22% 41%
Physics Department Overview
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Scientists 163
BNL Physics Department Prof./ IT
Tech/Admin
75
67
TOTAL 305
*
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04 *Reports to ALD-HENP
7
Current and Planned Research
Thrusts
ATLAS H. Gordon, D. Lissauer, S. Rajagopalan, M. Harrison
SUSY, Higgs, energy frontier
Construction M&O
Physics Analysis Center and Research Mission
LHC Accelerator & Magnet R&D
RSVP D. Bryman, W. Molzon
Rare processes ⇔ BSM sensitivity LHC
K0 → π0ν ν, µ−N → e−N
FY2005 NSF construction
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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D0 A. Patwa
Run II
300pb-1 on tape
Analyses focusing on BSM (SUSY, Higgs) and Heavy
flavors (Bs mixing, Ks)
Neutrino oscillations
MINOS W. Marciano, T. Roser
Data taking under way – physics soon!
Very Long Baseline Oscillations
AGS power upgrade + large underground detector
Proton decay
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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HEP Theory S. Dawson, M. Creutz, F. Paige
Strongly coupled to the experimental program
ATLAS, Linear Collider, RSVP, neutrinos
Lattice gauge theory
Will benefit greatly from new QCDOC computers
Cosmology S. Aronson
New research effort
Centered initially on LSST project
Dark Energy equation of state via weak lensing
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Accelerator R&D in the Physics Dept.
Accelerator Test Facility I. Ben-Zvi
Proposal-driven User Facility
High-brightness photoinjector electron gun
70 MeV linac
High power lasers synchronized to the electron beam to
the picosecond level
Advanced Accelerator R&D R. Palmer
Muon Collider/Neutrino Factory
Targeting, FFAG cooling ring studies
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Funding History:
Operating funds in AY & 04 $M: Research, Theory/SciDAC, R&D
Brookhaven National Laboratory Physics Dept DOE HEP BA Operations Funding shown in
AY Actuals and Constant FY 04 Purchasing Value
Millions Dollars
18.0
16.0
14.0
12.0
Million Dollars
10.0
8.0
6.0
4.0
2.0
0.0
FY 1994 FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005
Fiscal Year
Constant FY 04 BA (Ops) Funding
AY Funding BA (Ops) Funding
Physics Department Overview
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Budget Overviews: 03 04 05
Physics Department HEP Budgets at BNL
FY 03 FY 04 1 FY 05 P 2
Actual Actual P. Bud
($M) ($M) ($M)
KA 11 01, 02 (Research)
Phys Research 8.68 7.00 6.84
ATLAS R&D/Constr Ops 5.72 0.61 0.44
ATLAS Software & Compt 1.60 1.13 1.27
ATLAS Experimental Support 0.40 1.01 0.00 3
ATLAS Cap Eqp. 6.79 2.40 1.03
Non- ATLAS Eqp. 0.99 1.00
KA 14 01, 01,03 (Theory / SciDAC) 2.68 2.27 2.43
KA 15 01,02, 03 (Accel. R&D)
ATF & CAP 1.93 1.98 2.05
Muon Accelerators 1.05 0.96 0.96
Detector Dev 0.93 0.87 0.87
1 March 2004 DOE Fin. Plan
Eqp 0.50 0.20 0.19
2 FY 2005 President’s Budget
Physics Dept HE Ops Total 23.00 15.83 14.85 3 Per FY 2005 President's Budget, but expect
Physics Dept HE Eqp Total 7.29 3.59 2.22 funds TBD later
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Budget Overviews: 05 scenarios
Physics Department HEP Budgets at BNL
Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Scenarios
FY 05P P. FY 05 PY FY 05 PY
Bud @ +2% @ -2%
($M) ($M) ($M)
KA 11 01, 02 (Research)
Phys Research 6.84 6.98 6.70
ATLAS R&D/Constr Ops 0.44 0.45 0.43
ATLAS Software & Compt 1.27 1.29 1.24
ATLAS Experimental Support 0.00 0.00 0.00
ATLAS Cap Eqp. 1.03 1.05 1.00
Non- ATLAS Eqp. 1.00 1.02 0.98
KA 14 01, 01,03 (Theory / SciDAC) 2.43 2.48 2.38
KA 15 01,02, 03 (Accel. R&D)
ATF & CAP 2.05 2.09 2.01
Muon Accelerators 0.96 0.98 0.94
Detector Dev 0.87 0.89 0.85
Eqp 0.19 0.19 0.19
Physics Dept HE Ops Total 14.85 15.15 14.56
Physics Dept HE Eqp Total 2.22 2.26 2.17
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Budget Overviews: 06 scenarios
Physics Department HEP Budgets at BNL
Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Scenarios
FY 06
FY 05P P. FY 06 BY BY FY 06 BY
Bud @ -10% Flat Flat @ +2%
($M) ($M) ($M) ($M)
KA 11 01, 02 (Research)
Phys Research 6.84 6.16 6.84 6.98
ATLAS R&D/Constr Ops 0.44 0.39 0.44 0.45
ATLAS Software & Compt 1.27 1.14 1.27 1.29
ATLAS Experimental Support 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ATLAS Cap Eqp. 1.03 0.92 1.03 1.05
Non- ATLAS Eqp. 1.00 0.90 1.00 1.02
KA 14 01, 01,03 (Theory / SciDAC) 2.43 2.18 2.43 2.48
KA 15 01,02, 03 (Accel. R&D)
ATF & CAP 2.05 1.85 2.05 2.09
Muon Accelerators 0.96 0.87 0.96 0.98
Detector Dev 0.87 0.78 0.87 0.89
Eqp 0.19 0.17 0.19 0.19
Physics Dept HE Ops Total 14.85 13.37 14.85 15.15
Physics Dept HE Eqp Total 2.22 1.99 2.22 2.26
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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FY03 Year End Supplemental
funds
FY03 supplemental funding received support 03/04
Activities
$330k QCDOC
$130k Post Doc Support
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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FY04 Funding compared to FY03
Experimental Research decreased by net 6% (with
Equipment offset)
Accounting for 3.5% escalation of labor (which dominates the
budget) a reduction of 2 FTEs. Ongoing, with attrition and
termination of non-permanent staff
FY04 supplemental funding received
$300k Physics Analysis Center
ATLAS, D0, RSVP, Theory, MINOS, E949 analysis continue
All understaffed, need post-docs and/or junior staff
D0, MINOS may be sub-critical
Negative impact on physics results from E949
Not possible to staff any possible g-2 running
Performance goals, issues
Would not affect the % completion of ATLAS
Difficult to add needed FTEs to ATLAS (e.g., Physics Analysis Ctr.)
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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FY05 Budget Scenarios
FY05P compared to FY04 reduction of ~7 FTE
FY05 at –2% reduction from President’s Request
-2% (plus 3.5% Labor escalation) in Research
reduction by additional 1 to 2 FTE
ATLAS, RSVP, Theory, MINOS, DO – all stressed and inefficient
FY05 at +2% increase from President’s Request
Partially offsets growth in the cost of Labor; reduction ~8FTE
Highest priority is ATLAS
What would we be doing with growth above this level?
Add additional staff to the ATLAS Physics Analysis Center
Add staff to the Very Long Baseline Neutrino concept
Start funding of staff for Cosmology Group and LSST
Add theory staff for Lattice Gauge Theory work on QCDOC
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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FY06 Budget Scenarios
FY06 funding at –10% of FY05 President’s Request: A
further reduction of ~10 FTEs in experimental HEP
ATLAS, RSVP, MINOS, D0 all under stress; D0 definitely sub-critical
Give up 1 physics and 1 service topic from D0+MINOS; No E949
FY06 funding flat-flat @ FY05: further reduction of 2-3 FTE
ATLAS, RSVP, MINOS, D0 in better shape; No E949
FY06 funding at 2% increase of FY04: A further reduction
of 1 FTE
ATLAS, D0, RSVP, E949 possible
What would we be doing with growth above this level?
Continuing to staff up ATLAS Physics Analysis Center, Very Long
Baseline Neutrino effort
Establishing viable Cosmology/LSST research effort
Adding to Theory effort, especially in Lattice Gauge computation
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Issue
The trend in base program funding
We are and will be terminating programs that have
not been scientifically exploited to their full potential
Some scientifically important programs (e.g., EDM) do
not seem to fit in any scenario
Surviving programs are or will be understaffed
Theory group cannot keep a reasonable number of post-docs
Accelerator physics groups
ATF is holding close to constant effort
AAR&D is not; it will become sub-critical
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Outlook
Where do we want to be in 5 years?
Main research thrusts should be
Built up or building up efforts in ATLAS, RSVP, Theory,
neutrinos, LSST and accelerator R&D
Winding down or completed efforts D0, g-2, E949
What would that take?
Next slide shows manpower plan and funding relative
to flat-flat that would support such a position
Physics Department Overview
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Staffing/funding plans for where we want to be
FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09
Physicists (FTEs)
ATLAS (Base Rsrch Prog/Upgrd R&D) 6.4 6.4 6.4 7 8 8
ATLAS Physics Analysis Center 5 7 9 11 15 15
D0 5.1 4 4 3 2 1
K Decays (E949-> KOPIO) 6.7 7 7 7 7 7
Muon (g-2->MECO) 2.8 2.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Neutrino (MINOS + VLB) 1 1 2 3 3 3
LSST 0 1.5 1.5 4 5 6
Admin (FTEs) 2.1 2 2 2 2 2
Technicians (FTEs) 4.6 4.7 0.1 0 0 0
Professional (FTEs) 5 3.9 3.9 3 3 2
Total FTEs (FTEs) 38.7 40.2 39.6 43.8 48.8 47.8
Post Docs(Heads) included above 3 5 7 6 7 8
Funding Needed (FY04 M$) 9.203 9.572 9.429 10.417 11.607 11.369
Escalation 1.000 1.035 1.071 1.109 1.148 1.188
Funding Needed (AYM$) 9.203 9.907 10.100 11.549 13.320 13.503
DOE Guidance (AYM$) 7.870 7.710 7.710 7.710 7.710 7.710 1
Carryover 1.112 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Total Available Funding 8.982 7.710 7.710 7.710 7.710 7.710
Shortage (M$) 0.221 2.197 2.390 3.839 5.610 5.793
Notes:
* Also assumes constant support for KA150302 Detector R&D 0.870M in FY04
1
No DOE Guidance for FY06 or beyond - assume flat-flat from FY05
Still incomplete program: NO support for EDM, LC R&D, etc.
Physics Department Overview
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Outlook
Where do we want to be in 5 years?
Main research thrusts should be
Built up or building up efforts in ATLAS, RSVP, Theory,
neutrinos, LSST and accelerator R&D
Winding down or completed efforts D0, g-2, E949
What would that take?
Previous slide shows manpower plan and funding
relative to flat-flat that would support such a position
To preserve ATLAS at the indicated FY09 strength,
all other work would have to stop
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Staffing/funding plans for HE Theory
BNL Physics Department HEP Theory
Current
FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09
Physicists (FTEs)
Theory 9.6 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Admin (FTEs) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Technicians (FTEs)
Professional (FTEs)
Total FTEs (FTEs) 10.6 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Post Docs(Heads) included above 2 3 4 4 4 4
Funding Needed (FY04 M$) 2.423 2.644 2.644 2.644 2.644 2.644
Escalation 1.000 1.035 1.071 1.109 1.148 1.188
Funding Needed (AYM$) 2.423 2.736 2.832 2.931 3.034 3.140
DOE Guidance (AYM$) 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268 1
Carryover 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Expected Funding 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Total Available Funding 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268 2.268
Shortage (M$) 0.155 0.468 0.564 0.663 0.766 0.872
1 No DOE Guidance for FY06 or beyond - assume flat from FY05
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Staffing/funding plans for ATF
BNL Physics Department HEP ATF & Accelerator Programs under KA15
Current Minimum program + High Priority New Initiativ
FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09
Physicists (FTEs)
ATF 1.7 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Accelerator 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2
Admin (FTEs) 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Technicians (FTEs) 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Professional (FTEs) 6.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Total FTEs (FTEs) 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
Post Docs(Heads) included above 1 2 2 2 2 2
Funding Needed (FY04 M$) 3.061 3.061 3.061 3.061 3.061 3.061
Escalation 1.000 1.035 1.071 1.109 1.148 1.188
Funding Needed (AYM$) 3.061 3.168 3.279 3.394 3.512 3.635
DOE Guidance (AYM$) 2.939 3.014 3.014 3.014 3.014 3.014 1
Carryover 0.034 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Expected Funding 0.085 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 3
Total Available Funding 3.058 3.014 3.014 3.014 3.014 3.014
Shortage (M$) 0.003 0.154 0.265 0.380 0.498 0.621
1 No DOE Guidance for FY06 or beyond - assume flat from FY05
2 Also assumes continued funding under KC B&R of .5M in FY04
3 Funding is in the initial April fin plan
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04
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Summary
BNL HEP has major ongoing and planned
research efforts that are in excellent
alignment with the OS Strategic Plan
This program is not supportable at funding
levels that are flat-flat relative to the
President’s FY05 budget
Elements of the program would have to be
zeroed out before they pay a full scientific
return on investment
Physics Department Overview
S. Aronson 4/22/04


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