• Sengketa Tanah: Suatu Bentuk Pertentangan Atas Pembebasan Tanah

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    • Abstract: Sengketa Tanah: Suatu Bentuk Pertentangan Atas Pembebasan TanahRakyat Untuk Pembangunan(Studi Kasus: Pembebasan Tanah Untuk Pemindahan Bandara PoloniaMedan Ke Kuala Deli Serdang)Tania Dora WarokkaProgram Pasca Sarjana

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Sengketa Tanah: Suatu Bentuk Pertentangan Atas Pembebasan Tanah
Rakyat Untuk Pembangunan
(Studi Kasus: Pembebasan Tanah Untuk Pemindahan Bandara Polonia
Medan Ke Kuala Deli Serdang)
Tania Dora Warokka
Program Pasca Sarjana
Program Magister Studi Pembangunan
Universitas Sumatera Utara
This thesis consists of discussion on land dispute which is happened at Kuala Namu Deli
Serdang caused by the existence of land liberation for constructing the Kuala Namu
Airport as the replacement of Medan Polonia Airport.
Key word: Land dispute, land liberation , constructing, replace and conflict.
The design of this thesis is based on the result of field research towards social
community as well as parties involved in the process of land liberation which is planned
for constructing Kuala Namu Airport in order to replace Medan Polonia Airport.
This research tries to describe the process of land liberation happened and how
the receival wether the refusal reaction of the people suround toward the process it self.
Several analysis show that cases on social land liberation often invite the conflicts in the
society it self. Some say the couses are: unappropriate compensation, the liberation
process tends to be manipulatif to particular category, and presures by some parties in the
Data research finds that the land liberation happened in both Kecamatan Beringin
and Pantai Labu which consist of eight villages: sidodadi Ramunia, Beringin, Pasar V
Kebun Kelapa, Pasar VI Kuala Namu, Sidourip, Ramunia Perkebunan, Pantai Labu Baru
and Pantai Labu Pekan possess distinct reaction toone another. Of eight villages, seven of
them tend to accept the proposal, while the one rest Pasar VI Kuala Namu Village, fell
the process of overtakking payment by the responsible party is not already clear until now
and still fight throught Kerukunan Warga Masyarakat Lemah (KWML).
The differences of land status owned which are land of individual property and
land of the farming party, make the execution of liberation process in some stages, starts
from sociallization, measuring, inventarizing and overtaking pay ment. Group of people
with land status of individual property, undergo all the steps of the process until it is clear
while Pasar VI Kuala Namu village of which lands are thr property of PTPN II do not
pass all the steps of liberation process procedurally so that it invites the conflict until
today. Therefore it can be said the process of land liberation does not move
democratically as a whole. Based the data colected, the result of writer’s analysis
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explains that the exsistence of diferent accepting reaction by the people towards the land
liberation is not caused by the differences of status of land own it self but there are
several faktors influenced, like the low level of consciusness as well as understanding of
people on the land own rights as the resource with economic value where the attitude of
being given more rooms for poor people especially farmers to be able to stand for what
they deserve, and the weak involving of non government organization in advocating land
cases arisen.
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