- FileName: StandardCost.pdf
Abstract: Standard CostingIntroductionKingdee K/3 Standard Costing module is designed for entities with high standardmanagement level. Rather than assigning the actual costs of direct material, direct labor,and manufacturing overhead to a product, many manufacturers assign the expected or
Kingdee K/3 Standard Costing module is designed for entities with high standard
management level. Rather than assigning the actual costs of direct material, direct labor,
and manufacturing overhead to a product, many manufacturers assign the expected or
standard cost. This means that a manufacturer's inventories and cost of goods sold will
begin with amounts reflecting the standard costs, not the actual costs, of a product.
Manufacturers, of course, still have to pay the actual costs. As a result there are almost
always differences between the actual costs and the standard costs, and those
differences are known as variances. These variances will be booked to P&L. Standard
costing usually runs together with Purchase, Warehouse modules. Besides that, it can
also be integrated with Manufacturing Order (MO), Shop Floor Control (SFC), General
Ledger and Payroll modules in order to provide an overall data integration and analysis
1、 Standard cost generation
You may apply standard cost management on specified material, specified manufacturing
order or manufacturing operation. For purchased material, standard cost is standard
purchase price and is maintained in the system manually. For manufactured product,
standard cost is the result of a roll-up from standard BOM, standard routing, etc. System
can do roll-up automatically so as to help you improve the efficiency of standard cost
calculation. Standard cost explosion report displays the detailed composition of standard
cost like direct material, director labor and overhead.
2、 Standard Costing
All the stock-in and stock-out transactions are recorded based on standard cost. By
generating journal entry at the moment transaction takes place, managers can query cost
report in a real time manner. This makes it possible for managers to be focused on key
problems, seeking root cause and therefore taking measures to improve cost control.
3、 Variance Analysis
Cost variance analysis reports display variance between standard cost and actual
cost. Variance will be a debit or credit item of overhead. Variance can be logically
classified into two types as price variance and quantity variance. On the other side, it can
also be sorted as purchase variance and production variance from the point variance
happens. Purchase receipt variance report displays PPV (purchase receipt price versus
purchase order) and IPV (purchase invoice price versus purchase order). Production
variance report breaks down production variance into direct material variance, direct labor
variance and overhead variance. Abundant variance analysis reports make it easy to track
cost variance and evaluate performance of production department. To comply with the
present Chinese accounting and tax regulation, standard cost can be reverted into actual
cost by allocating cost variances that have been booked to P&L to inventory, sales and
WIP cost at a lump-sum level.
4、 Cost Assessment
System provides abundant reports to analyze variances between production actual
cost and standard cost. These reports help cost controller track source of the variance and
help entity improve cost control level.
5、 Cost calculation for new product
System provides a tool to roll up standard cost of a new product according to cost
BOM, routing and purchase price of the raw material. The result of roll-up can help you
pricing new product and make cost-quantity-benefit analysis.
6、 Standard Cost Adjustment
Standard cost can be adjusted yearly or ad hoc. Once the standard cost of an item
has been updated, the system will automatically revaluate the inventory and WIP cost and
post the revaluation to GL. The history of standard cost change is kept in the system.
7、 Tolerance control
For the variance between standard cost and actual cost, a tolerance level can be set
to indicate the acceptable variance range for one works order. This feature differentiates
the normal variances from abnormal variances, and therefore would help to control the
usage of raw material, to reduce unnecessary waste and unreasonable production cost so
as to improve the cost control level.
8、 Multiple cost types
It is possible to build multiple cost types with different BOM, routing, etc. and make a
comparison between these cost types. By simulating standard cost, you can compare
standard cost of your company with standard cost of benchmarking company and derive
information for operating analysis and management decision-making.
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