• CIVIL LIBERTIES, JUSTICE AND HOME AFFAIRS


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    • Abstract: eu - the threat to europe by radical islamic t***orist groups\" provides an original analysis ... organisation\'s tactics and strategies: this is what we call the \"t***orist relation\" ...

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briefing paper
policy department c
citizens' rights and constitutional affairs
preventing violent radicalisation
and t***orist recruitment in the eu
the threat to europe by radical
islamic t***orist groups
civil liberties, justice and home affairs
january 2008
pe 393.277
january 2004 en
i
directorate-general internal policies
policy department c
citizens rights and constitutional affairs
preventing violent radicalisation
and t***orist recruitment in the eu
the threat to europe by radical
islamic t***orist groups
briefing paper
abstract:
the ad hoc briefing paper “preventing violent radicalisation and t***orist recruitment in the
eu - the threat to europe by radical islamic t***orist groups” provides an original analysis
and evaluation of the different strategies that are meant to deal with such phenomena, as well
as their effectiveness. this perspective takes into account the dynamics of actions/reactions
between the various parts involved in violence and its repression, thus going beyond
recommendations mainly aiming at controlling the networks through which individuals enter
the radicalizing dynamics, in a “worst-case scenario” perspective. the core point of the paper
is to transgress the different forms of self-censorship that exist in the field of the
countert***orist public policies, by insisting upon the fact that some of the measures taken can
contribute to the radicalisation, or more accurately, to the dynamics of escalation. the priority
is then to move the focus, while widening the angle of the problem, to highlight the
interactions not only between clandestine organisations and reference fields but also public
authorities, journalists and others. the question of the radicalisation must be reconsidered and
redefined as a subsidiary of the questions on escalation and de-escalation dynamics of the
conflicts.
the ad hoc briefing paper is thus structured as follows: the first part aims at understanding the
radicalisation processes; the second part deals with the questions of clandestineness,
radicalisation and recruitment; the third part deals with the dilemma faced by authorities and
their policies, that can either lead to an escalation or a de-escalation, depending on whether
they tend to mimetic rivalry or distanciation. finally, the paper provides certain policy
recommendations, mainly based on favouring distanciation, taking into account the pernicious
effects of intensified measures of control, repression or war on violent radicalisation, and
controlling and supervising counter radicalisation.
pe 393.277
ii
this note was requested by the european parliament's committee on civil liberties,
justice and home affairs.
this paper is published in the following languages: en, fr.
authors: didier bigo and laurent bonelli, centre d'etudes sur les conflits, paris
manuscript completed in december 2007
copies can be obtained through:
m. alessandro davoli
tel: +32 2 2832207
fax: +32 2 2832365
e-mail: [email protected]
informations on dg ipol publications:
http://www.ipolnet.ep.parl.union.eu/ipolnet/cms
brussels, european parliament
the opinions expressed in this document are the sole responsibility of the author and
do not necessarily represent the official position of the european parliament.
iii
table of contents
introduction 1
i. understanding the radicalisation processes 8
ii. clandestinity, radicalisation and recruitment 14
1. the individuals: isolated actors or members of
an organisation? 14
2. clandestine organisations and recruitment 16
3. clandestinity and its various implications 24
4. clandestine organisations and screen organisations 27
iii. mimetic rivalry or distanciation? 30
iv. recommendations for the european parliament 35
1. favouring distanciation 35
2. taking into account the pernicious effects of intensified
measures of control, repression or war on violent
radicalisation 36
3. controlling and supervising counter radicalisation 37
ad hoc briefing paper
preventing violent radicalisation and t***orist recruitment in the eu.
the threat to europe by radi


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