• reading grade 4


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  • FileName: NJ-LAL_2005sampleGr4_reading.pdf [read-online]
    • Abstract: thumbtack, a sheet of lightweight paper. about 32 inches by 26 inches, a sharp. pencil, a ... thumbtack through the loop of string and. place it in the middle of your sheet of. paper, ...

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• DAY 2
4 NJ ASK RELEASED SAMPLE • GRADE 4
Directions to the Student
In the following section, you will read a passage and answer the questions that follow.
Some questions will be multiple-choice; others will be open-ended.
1. You may look back at the reading passage as often as you want.
2. Read each question carefully and think about the answer.
3. For each multiple-choice question, select the best answer and fill in the
circle next to your choice. Make sure you fill in the correct circle.
4. If you do not know the answer to a question, go on to the next question.
You may come back to the skipped question later if you have time.
Sample Passage
The sample passage below and the questions on the next page show you what the
questions are like and how to mark your answer.
Weather is the condition of the air at a certain time and place. Knowing
what the weather is going to be is useful whether you are planning a special
event or performing a task. One way to learn about the weather is to listen to
a weather report.
A weather report usually answers these questions: (1) What is the
temperature? (2) Is the sun shining or is it cloudy? (3) Has there been any
rain, snow, or hail? (4) How windy is it? (5) Is there much dampness—
humidity—in the air?
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Sample Multiple-Choice Question
For this type of question, select the best answer and fill in the circle next to the
answer you choose. For example:
According to the passage, which question would a weather report
answer?
A Where are we?
B What time is it?
C Who are you?
~ How hot is it?
The correct answer is D. The circle with the D in it has been filled in to show that D is
the correct answer.
Sample Open-Ended Question
For this type of question, you will write several sentences on the lines provided. For
example:
According to the passage, weather is the condition of the air in a
certain time and place. Why would it be important to know what
the weather is today or what it will be tomorrow? Be sure to use
examples or ideas from the passage or your own life to support
your answer.
[These are the first two sentences of a good answer.]
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• DAY 2 NJ ASK RELEASED SAMPLE • GRADE 4
4
Directions: Read the article and answer the questions that follow.
Rocket Balloon
Compiled and created by Laura Buller and Ron Taylor
Illustrations by John Hutchinson and Stan North
If you blow up a balloon and then just let it go without tying the neck with a piece of
string, the air will rush out of the balloon and send it zooming around the room, with no
pattern to its flight. The following experiment will show you how to make the balloon
fly in a straight line.
You Will Need—
Thumbtack
32-inch by 26-inch sheet of lightweight paper
Pencil
String
Scissors
Cellophane tape
2 yards of thread
Drinking straw
High-back chair
Balloon
PROCEDURE
1. For this experiment you will need a 2. Fold the sheet of paper exactly in half
thumbtack, a sheet of lightweight paper vertically and then fold the sheet of paper
about 32 inches by 26 inches, a sharp exactly in half horizontally. Attach one end
pencil, a piece of string at least 18 inches of the string to the pencil and then make a
long, a pair of scissors, clear cellophane loop in the other end of the string. Put the
tape, about two yards of thread, a drinking thumbtack through the loop of string and
straw, a high-backed chair, and a long, thin place it in the middle of your sheet of
balloon. paper, where the two folds cross. Be
careful of the point of the thumbtack.
3. Draw the biggest circle that will fit onto
your sheet of paper as shown.
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4. Cut out the circle using the scissors;
then cut along one fold from the edge of
the circle to the center. Overlap the edges
of the circle and form a cone with a base
diameter of about eight inches.
5. Flatten the cone with your hand to make
a triangle and then fold this in half. Next,
fold the triangle in half again.
6. Make a cut from the base of the triangle,
through all the layers of paper, to about
halfway up. Next, open out the shape until
it forms a cone again.
7. Carefully overlap the cut sections and
stick one to another with cellophane tape.
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• DAY 2
4 NJ ASK RELEASED SAMPLE • GRADE 4
8. Tie one end of your thread firmly to the 10. Blow up the balloon and, holding the
door handle. Slip the drinking straw onto end tightly so that the air does not escape
the thread; then tie the loose end to the yet, push the balloon firmly inside your
back of a chair. Adjust the position of the paper rocket. Now let go. The air coming
chair so that the thread is pulled taut. out of the balloon creates the energy
needed to make the rocket move. The
9. Using the cellophane tape again, firmly straw on the thread keeps the rocket flying
tape the paper cone (rocket) to the in a straight line, thus controlling its flight.
drinking straw, using the diagram as
a guide.
When you have mastered the technique, you can make several rockets and have a lot
of fun having races with your friends. Increase the length of the thread between the
door and the chair, or try several other shapes of balloons and see what difference these
alterations make to the speed of the rocket. With a stopwatch, time how long the journey
from the chair to the door takes and see if there is anything you can do to speed up
the rocket.
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4
8. The purpose of the first paragraph is to
A introduce the rocket balloon experiment.
B give a summary of the steps in the experiment.
C explain how balloons can fly in a straight line.
D explain how to make a cone to hold the balloon.
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9. Which material is used to fasten the rocket to the thread?
A string
B pencil
C thumbtack
D drinking straw
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10. What does the word “taut” mean in the following sentence: “Adjust
the position of the chair so that the thread is pulled taut”?
A up
B down
C tight
D loose
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• DAY 2
4 NJ ASK RELEASED SAMPLE • GRADE 4
11. What does the word alterations mean in the last paragraph of the
article?
A races
B shape
C length
D changes
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12. What is the purpose of the thumbtack?
A to find the center of the paper
B to hold the string in the center
C to fasten the cone to the balloon
D to poke a hole in the paper
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13. What material in the experiment could not be substituted?
A chair
B straw
C balloon
D string
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For the open-ended question on the next page,
remember to
• Focus your response on the question asked.
• Answer all parts of the question.
• Give a complete explanation.
• Use specific information from the article.
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14. Explain the reasons for using lightweight paper for this experiment.
Use information from the article to support your response.
Write your answer on the lines below.
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If you have time, you may review your work in this section only.
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